By Mara Cepeda


Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos points out that Fidel Ramos headed the Philippine Constabulary, which conducted arrests and other abuses during Martial Law

Human rights abuses under Martial Law? Ask Ramos – Imee Marcos 1

‘ASK HIM.’ Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos (right) tells her father’s critics to direct their questions to former President Fidel Ramos (left). File photos by Rappler


MANILA, Philippines – Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos pointed to former President Fidel Ramos as protests continue regarding the impending burial of her father, the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos, at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

Kami ay nag-aaral pa noon at mga bata pa. Bakit nga ba hindi natin tanungin ang dating Philippine Constabulary Chief Fidel Ramos tungkol sa mga pag-aresto at mga pang-aabuso diumano?” said Imee in a Facebook post on Monday, November 14.

(We were still studying and children then. Why don’t we ask former Philippine Constabulary Chief Fidel Ramos about the alleged arrests and abuses?)

The Supreme Court, voting 9-5, junked the petitions seeking to bar the interment of Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani because of the state-sanctioned human rights violations that occurred during his 21-year rule. (READ: Supreme Court: Marcos was not pure evil)

While Marcos loyalists celebrated the SC ruling nationwide, activists and Martial Law victims maintained that a hero’s burial for Marcos is undeserved as his presidency was mired by killings, torture, disappearances, media oppression, and corruption. (READ: Only civil disobedience can block Marcos’ burial)

Among those who was disappointed with the High Court’s decision was Ramos, who was once Marcos’ vice military chief.

“Address [the apology] to all the descendants of the victims, whether or not there is an investigation, to show sincere desire to discard, reject and eliminate already all the dictatorial tendencies and happenings during that period,” Ramos told GMA-7.

In a separate press statement, Imee pointed out that Ramos was also the former chief of the Philippine Constabulary (PC), infamous during the Martial Law years as it was used by the late dictator to arrest his critics. (LOOK BACK: The Philippine Constabulary under Marcos)

The PC was the national police force that began under the American regime in 1901. It eventually became part of the military and was in charge of maintaining peace and order.

The PC was merged with the Integrated National Police to form what is now the Philippine National Police.

Imee also cited a February 2016 Manila Times column of Rigoberto Tiglao, who was among the activists arrested during Martial Law.

“Rigoberto D. Tiglao of the Manila Times, who was a student activist, labor organizer, and ‘firebrand Communist’ (his own words), wrote last February, ‘Arrest orders against me and my late wife… were issued by Ramos,’ adding, ‘it was the PC’s top anti-subversive unit, the 5th Constabulary Security Unit… that arrested us, with one of their tall burly soldiers beating me up,’” said Imee.

But Ramos and then-defense minister Juan Ponce Enrile broke away from Marcos following the 1986 snap elections, starting the series of events that led to the dictator’s downfall during the EDSA People Power Revolution.

Both Imee and her brother, former Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Jr, are hoping the SC ruling would lead to “national healing.” Imee also urged her father’s critics to “let go” of their grudges.

No legal admission of guilt?

The Ilocos Norte governor also said that she cannot make a legal admission of guilt over the abuses committed during her father’s presidency. She said she was too young to remember at the time.

Mayroon daw nagsasabi na kailangang admission of guilt. Parang ang bigat naman kasi I’m not aware of any policy or any presidential order saying na kailangang gawin itong mga karumal-dumal na krimen,” she told ANC’s Headstart.

(Some people are saying there is a need for an admission of guilt. But that seems to heavy because I am not aware of any policy or any presidential order that said these heinous crimes should be committed.)

In my heart, if in any way you have hurt someone, you should say sorry even if it’s not intentional, even if it was not policy. Okay lang naman sa’kin, pero yung admission of guilt… Unang-una, ang liit-liit ko noon. Paano ko ia-admit, hindi ko naman alam?” she added.

(In my heart, if in any way you have hurt someone, you should say sorry even if it’s not intentional, even if it was not policy. That’s okay for me, but the admission of guilt… First of all, I was too small then. How can I admit these things when I didn’t know about them?)

But Imee was already 22 years old on August 31, 1977, the day her national chairmanship of the Kabataang Barangay was questioned by 21-year-old Archimedes Trajano.

Trajano was then forcibly taken from the venue by Imee’s bodyguards, and was tortured and thrown out of a building window.